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Is an Oriental Rug A Persian Rug?

When it comes to Oriental & Persian rugs many people often the two types of rug together or may miss describe a Persian rug for an oriental rug. The term ‘Oriental Rug’ is used to describe a much broader range of rug when compared to the Persian rug. It is correct to use the term Oriental rug to describe a Persian rug and it is common for them to be under the same description but with the unique knots used in the manufacture of Persian rugs they are normally separated into their own unique categories.

So let us explain the difference between an Oriental rug and a Persian rug and you can make up your own mind.

What Best Describes an Oriental Rug?

An Oriental rug is best used to describe rugs that are made in the Asian continent. These types are rugs normally originate from Russia, Pakistan, India, Turkey, Tibet, China & Iran.  China in recent times has led the way when it comes to Oriental rug exports. With it’s many hundred of years of rug and carpet weaving China believe it or not was an undiscovered maker of carpets and rugs until recent times which of course has led to quicker production methods, so the rugs are now readily available to the wider world.

The manufacture of a typical Oriental rug involves the use of hand-woven looms where the yarn is delicately knotted together into a weave to produce the instinctive ornate design. The type of knot used in this process is the symmetrical Ghiordes (knot brings both tuft ends to the surface together between two warp yarns) knot otherwise known as the Turkish knot. The true original Oriental carpet or Persian carpet or rugs are handwoven, and hand knotted not manufactured. This makes them truly unique from rug to rug and not like it’s more modern manufactured cousin which tends to be from a production line of the same design. The intricate detail and unique designs make handwoven Oriental and Persian rugs more expensive but truly original.

Oriental rugs are generally made from wool, but other materials including silk and bamboo are sometimes used as well. The design of many Oriental rugs symbolises the regions they are from using symbols, designs, colours that reflect their culture and spiritual meaning. Many designs such as animals, landscape, floral and shaped patterns are used and can distinguish between different regions and be instantly recognisable. By using a contrast of colour and many different textures helps to form a 3-dimensional effect on the rug which is part of the Oriental rug design.

So, to sum up an oriental rug is usually made more of a heavy textile and are literally made for evry day purpose and not for decoration.  An Oriental rug can be either pile woven or flat woven without any use of pile.

What Best Describes a Persian Rug?

The Persian Rug is a hand-knotted rug produced in Iran. The Persian rug is often seen as using unique designs, features and textures. Persian Rugs due to their popularity, unique features, and are very common but they are more or less always placed in their own category but are also featured as  a part of the Oriental rug family.

Ancient Persia was the birthplace of handwoven rugs and to this day it is still a traditional way of producing Persian rugs. The techniques used to produce the rugs are handed down from generation to generation over hundreds of years still using the same technique and designs. Persian rugs are often named after the region sin which they were produced or the cities or the tribe they originate from. These places tend to have their own unique designs and styles dating back many years. Persian rugs are seen as telling a story rather than just a beautiful design to look at. The oldest Persian carpet and the oldest carpet in the world is believed to date back as far 2400 years and historians believe that rugs and carpets were being made well before then!

Rugs produced in Persia are very in demand mainly due to their intricacy, high quality and high knot count used in their manufacture. Some Persian rugs are known to have as a high knot count per square inch as 500!

When sanctions were introduced against Iran imported Persian rugs became scarcer, so manufacturers took it upon themselves to mass produce them to meet the high demand. This in turn led to the market being flooded with fake Persian rugs! This of course, caused the price of original Persian rugs to rise to astronomical amounts of money and were changing hands for thousands of pounds. Like its Oriental cousin, Persian rugs are intricately hand-made by skilled craftsman sometimes taking up to a year to produce which make them a very sort after product and hence more expensive than Oriental Rugs.

The Difference Between Persian Rugs And Oriental Rugs

So, in answer a Persian rug is an Oriental rug but has its own section and is normally separated from the Oriental rug family due to the knots used in the production being different from those rugs produced in Asia (Oriental rugs). Both types of rugs can be highly priced especially if they are authentic compared to the mass-produced rugs. Even though at times it can be very hard to distinguish between Persian and Oriental rugs both rugs use intricate and natural woollen fibres as well as intricate and ancient designs. Both are highly durable and original rugs can fetch an awful lot of money due to them both being handcrafted and as we have previously stated taking up to a year to produce!

We here at Persian Modern Rugs have a wide range of Persian and Oriental rugs for sale all handwoven and all unique in their own way. All imported from the Far East and a perfect accompaniment to any room.  So, you can have a look at our collection here and you will not be disappointed. If Persian or Oriental rugs are not for you, we also stock a variety of modern designed rugs too!

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